Leidy Johanna Valencia Alzate
Fourth year Physiotherapy Student
Universidad Santiago de Cali -Columbia
The temporomandibular joint enables the functional movements of the mouth necessary for feeding and speech. When a dysfunction in this joint occurs, the mobility of the mouth is limited and therefore the functionality of the affected person. The most common alterations are temporomandibular joint syndrome, fractures, luxations / subluxations, bruxism and arthritis, which typically produce pain, swelling, limitation of joint mobility and muscle imbalance.
Physiotherapy plays a vital role in the treatment of these disorders as it aims to maintain, enhance and strengthen temporomandibular joint motion. It does this through techniques to modulate pain, increase joint mobility, re-balance the strength of the muscles, but mainly to recover functionality of those affected thereby optimizing their lifestyle.
Key Words: Temporomandibular joint, alterations, assessment, treatment, physiotherapy.