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KINEANTHROPOMETRIC EVALUATION IN ADOLESCENT TENNIS Y VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS

Ramón Martínez Quiles Graduate Physiotherapist, Universidad Catolica San Antonio de Murcia. ABSTRACT -INTRODUCTION: This study involved conducting a kineanthropometric study on tennis and volleyball players aged between 13 and 16 who had at least two years of training. Afterwards the averages of players of the sport were taken. -GOALS: To find morphological differences between the players of one sport and those of the other by comparing the results. -MATERIAL AND METHOD: To do so, a sample was taken of 16 athletes (8 tennis and 8 volleyball players) ...
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HIPOTHESIS: THE CAUSE OF ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURY IN SOCCER PLAYERS

Juan José Gascó Esparza Physiotherapy Graduate, E.U. de Fisioterapia (Valencia) Today, the injury of the moment in Spanish football is the ruptured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee. [1]. Finding out the main reason why this ligament gets injured is of great relevance and interest, as is studying the increasing prevalence of this injury at the beginning of last season. Many studies have been carried out, and many causes have been pointed to, direct or indirectly. However, none of them explain with certainty what really happens. Reading studies [2,3,4] one realize ...
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HIPOTHESIS: THE CAUSE OF PUBALGIA IN THE SOCCER PLAYER

Juan José Gascó Esparza Physiotherapy Graduate, E.U. de Physiotherapy (Valencia) Footballer’s groin has many names [1] such as pubalgia, pubic enthesitis, dynamic osteopathy of the pubis, or osteoperiosteal adductor enthesitis, among others, though these are the most common and used. There is currently not much concordance as to what causes the appearance of pubalgia. Various factors are being considered, that can be classified in internal or intrinsic, and external or extrinsic. They are the following: Intrinsic: Postural static alterations ...
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MYOFASCIAL TREATMENT OF PUBALGIA IN FOOTBALLERS: 3 CASES

Juan José Gascó Esparza Physiotherapy Graduate in E.U. de Fisioterapia (Valencia) Footballer’s groin injury or pubalgia is a condition that is not yet clear. It is also a pathology that can eventually lead to the partial or total inability to practice the sport, which benefits neither players nor football clubs. It is characterized by pain in the insertion zone of the adductors in the groin, which will be more or less severe depending on the stage of the disease. This pain is the result of the inflammation of the adductors at their insertion in the pubis, often ending ...
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CONCEPTS OF EXTENDED OUTPATIENT PHYSIOTHERAPY (EOP)

Javier Moreno Sanjuán Physiotherapist, San Agustín Hospital, Avilés (Spain) Associate Professor, Physiotherapy School of the University of Oviedo ABSTRACT Extended Outpatient Physiotherapy (EOP) is halfway between what we understand by physiotherapy and sports training; it constitutes the final phase of any physiotherapeutic process in which proposed goals have been met. Above all, it is useful in sports physiotherapy in which the physiotherapist and trainer have to collaborate. The EOP is also applicable to non-sporting patients, especially traumatologists. KE ...
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Proposal for the treatment and prevention of patellar tendinopathy in soccer

Ismael S. López López Physical Education Graduate, Specializing in Soccer. 3rd Year Physiotherapy Student. University of Seville. Doctoral Candidate in Physical Education. Professional Soccer Player for Xerez FC. 1.- INTRODUCTION AND RATIONALE. Patellar tendinopathy is a very well known traumatic pathology in the sports world, but less so in soccer where it is relatively recent. As we already mentioned in the previous article, its appearance in soccer coincides with that of new training trends- especially strength training, based on plyometric exercise ...
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Proposal for conceptualization and means of recovery from Patellar Tendinopathy in soccer

Ismael S. López López Physical Education Graduate, Specializing in Soccer. 3rd Year Physiotherapy Student. University of Seville. Doctoral Candidate in Physical Education. Professional Soccer Player for Xerez FC. 1.- INTRODUCTION Patellar tendinopathy has made its appearance in soccer as a very common injury, coinciding with methodological advances in training- in particular strength training, based on plyometrics and weight training, which severely overload the tendon. The sports own techniques also have important implications.   Physical preparat ...
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Biomechanical analysis of kicking the ball in soccer

Karla Figuera Physiotherapist Venezuela Both the informational aspects and the bioenergetic aspects involved in this action must be taken into account to determine this anatomical structure. Within the informational aspects we find eye-foot coordination, coordination between the scapular and pelvic girdle and the pelvis-torso response to the motion, dynamic balance, and perception of the moving object. Within the bioenergetic aspects we find eccentric contraction strength and segmental execution velocity of the lower extremity. The basic mechanics of kicking the ball ...
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Minor muscle injuries in sport. Concept, classification and treatment

Josep Benítez Martínez Physiotherapist Pamesa Valencia Basketball Team. Osteopathy C.O. (Expert) Doctoral Candidate in Prevention and Treatment of Sporting Injuries. UCAM Muscle problems are one of the main causes driving athletes to a decline in training and / or its interruption, with the consequent impact on performance. Traditionally, muscular injuries in athletes have been classified into two big groups: with anatomical injuries (microsprains and sprains); and without anatomical injuries (contractures, contusions, strains). How many times do we come across m ...
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MUSCLE STRAINS IN SPORT: PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT

José Bugeda Becerril Physiotherapy Graduate, Universidad Alfonso X el Sabio, Madrid. Participant in the Support Group of Madrid’s High Performance Judo Centre. ABSTRACT Muscle strain is defined as a partial or complete tear of the myotendinous junction. Therefore tissue fibers are broken and bleed producing a hematoma. Strains can be classified by their severity: mild (grade 1), moderate (grado2), and complete or severe (grade 3). Muscle tears are due to a dynamic overload, and the most frequent cause is a violent contraction with simultaneous overstretchin ...
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Russian Currents as a training method for bodybuilders

María Vistoria Plá Kinesiology and Physitrics Graduate Today, the so-called Russian Currents still exist in name, but in reality, have little to do with what sports physician Y. Kots had conceived. It was he who first used NeuroMuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) as a complement to traditional muscular strength work in training the Olympic athlete Borzov. The latter went on to become Olympic champion in the100m sprint. Kots demonstrates a 40% muscle strength gain in elite athletes, a 10cm increase in the vertical jump and a 10% increase in the diameter of the transv ...
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Prevalence of trigger points in the lower limbs of soccer players

Carlos Rodrigo Sierra Chartered Physiotherapist, Madrid College of Physiotherapists ABSTRACT Soccer’s characteristics make it a sport in which factors like mechanical overload and changes in rhythm may cause the activation of myofascial trigger points (MTP). The goal of this study is double: To prove the relationship of dependency between the practice of soccer and MTP in lower limbs. To demonstrate that Morton’s Foot Structure influences the state of MTP in peroneus muscles. To do so we have carried out a cohort study with a total ...
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PRIMARY CARE: STRATEGY FOR THE PREVENTION OF INJURY IN PHYSICALLY ACTIVE SUBJECTS. ANALYSIS OF VARIABLE INDICATORS OF MUSCULAR DAMAGE AND INFLAMMATION

Elsa Esteban Fernández Chartered Physiotherapist Granada ABSTRACT Physical exercise carried out in certain conditions can cause fatigue. This in turn can trigger numerous alterations and injuries. Therefore, we aim to prevent these and create healthy physical/sporting habits in people who are physically active, either in leisure time or because their job require relatively intense physical effort. With the implementation of a physical conditioning program and / or taking an immunomodulator, alterations in the immune system could be avoided and the appearance of ...
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RECTUS FEMORIS STRAINS: THE SOCCER PLAYER’S INJURY. EARLY FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY

AUTHOR: Pedro Gómez Piqueras Doctoral Candidate in Sports Science. Last year Physiotherapy Student. Valencia University (Spain) 1. Introduction Soccer is a sport that requires a lot of effort from the athlete, and more so at a high level. It is a team sport characterized by explosive individual efforts and its practice poses an inherent risk of injury. This paper aims to inform the reader about one of the most common injuries suffered in soccer- strains in the anterior thigh area or more specifically, in the rectus femoris. Whether professionals or not, ...
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Physiotherapy Treatment for Epicondylitis in Tennis Players

Francisco Javier Toldos Ballesteros Chartered Physiotherapist of the College of Physiotherapists of Catalonia INDEX A.- ABSTRACT B.- CONTEXTUALIZATION AND THEORETIC FRAMEWORK 1. Introduction 2. Anatomic Description 3. Pathophysiology and Semiology Epidemiology (incidence and prevalence) 4. Medico-pharmaceutical treatment 5. Physiotherapy treatment 6. Medico-pharmaceutical treatment 7. Conclusions 8. Treatment guidelines D.- BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Books 2. Web pages 3. Articles 4. Abstracts and Texts A.- ABSTRACT What is epicondyliti ...
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APPROACH TO plantar fasciitis IN A SOCCER PLAYER THROUGH PGM TREATMENT IN THE SHORT ABDUCTOR OF THE FIRST FINGER

Juan G. Miñano Vigo Physiotherapist Teaching and Research Unit of Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine of the Faculty of Health Science of the Rey Juan Carlos University. Intern collaborator at the Rey Juan Carlos University in teaching and research matters. ABSTRACT This paper presents the results of a clinical case of a patient with recurrent and chronic plantar fasciitis, who, due to his continued symptoms, was performed dry needling treatment. After four sessions, the results were very positive, above all in terms o ...
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BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF A SHOOTING SOCCER PLAYER

Manuel Padrino Martinez Physiotherapy Student VenezuelaDescription of the movementBefore establishing contact with the ball the soccer player jogs to gain the upper hand when he strikes the ball in terms of direction and most importantly, force.Therefore we must begin by analyzing the phases: the jog, the swing of the upper limbs presenting small movements of alternate flexion and extension in both the shoulder and the elbow.In the moment in which the soccerer kicks the ball, one leg stays anchored on the ground (supporting leg) and the other kicks the ball (contact leg).We will study this mov ...
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Fasciitis or plantar fasciosis in the sportsmen? Treatment through intratissue percutaneous electrolysis (IPE)

AUTHOR: José Manuel Sánchez PhDs FC Barcelona High Performance Senior Teacher Phone: 656935516 e-mail : chema632@hotmail.com Index: Summary and key words Introduction Anatomopathology of the chronic plantar fasciopathy Clinic of the chronic plantar fasciopathy Treatment of the chronic plantar fasciopathy through the Intratissue Percutaneous Electrolysis (IPE) Effects of Intratissue Percutaneous Electrolysis (IPE) in the tissue regeneration Address Bibliography Summary : From the new anatomopathological paradigm, the chronic plantar fasci ...
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Treatment of patellar tendinopathy in sportsmen through in percutaneous intratendon electrolysis (PIE)

Jose Manuel Sánchez PhsD,PsyD,PT Professor of the Master High Performance of the F.C.Barcelona International Center Sports Rehabilitation of Barcelona (Spain) C/ Comte d’Urgell nº 182,etlo 5ª.Barcelona,Spain Telephone: 0034934523510 PURPOSE: Patellar tendinopathy or “jumper’s knee”is considered more a degenerative process than an“inflamed tendinitis”proper . Histopatológical studies do not show the presence of the inflamationary cells, rather disruption of the collagen fibres,degeneration (deterioration) of the mixoide anoxi ...
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Accelerated therapy of sportsman´s patella tendinopathy through the transtendinous percutaneous electrolysis (tpte). (sánchez jm,2001).

AUTHOR: José Manuel Sánchez PhDs FC Barcelona High Performance Senior Teacher Phone: 656935516 e-mail : chema632@hotmail.com These type of tendinopathies due to overuse are more common day after day in our ordinary clinical practise. Many researchers all over the world have identified that the specific pathology under these conditions is tendinosis or collagen degeneration (Jozsa L et al,1997;Khan,K et al ,1999,Puddu,G et al 1976). If we admit that patella tendinopathies due to overuse take place because of a tendinosis process (not tendinitis), we should modify the ...
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Theoretical models in the sportsman patella tendinopathy or jumper´s knee pain

AUTHOR: Jose Manuel Sánchez PhDs Senior Professor FC Barcelona High Performance Phone: 656935516 e-mail : chema632@hotmail.com Introduction “Concepts are not supported by definitions. Precisely, concepts cannot stand the inalterability of definitions. They are not theoretically fixed, and later they are forced to work in clinic. Concepts correspond to a articulation of theory, to the method and the technique. This means that it is no succession, but an articulation...” During the last years, the proportion of cases where patella tendinopathy appears has grown. ...
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Lateral stretching exercises

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Sitting on the floor with your legs crossed. Hands in your neck. Bend your chest to one side, trying to touch your knee with your elbow.   Sitting on the floor with your legs wide open. Hands in the neck. Bend your chest to one side trying to touch the floor with your elbow.   Sitting on the floor with your legs wide open. Put your hands behind your hips sitting the palms of the hands against the floor. Lift one arm and bend your body to the ot ...
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Stretching exercises for the back of the knee

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Sitting on the floor, with one leg bended and the other one completely straigthened. Bend your chest to grab the foot of the straigthened leg. Bend the foot to increase the tension.   Sitting on the floor with one leg completely stretched out. Bend the other one inside until the sole of the foot touches the thigh of the stretched out leg. Push your chest forwards without bending your back and grab the foot of the stretched out leg. (To increase the tension, pull the foot towards your che ...
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Stretching exercises for the dorsal area

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Kneeling down on the floor. Bend your chest towards the floor while stretching your arms in front of you. Put your hands against the floor. Let your hands slide forewards as much as possible.   Standing up with your feet put together before a wall that will be our support. Stretch your arms above your head. Bend your chest forewards, maintaining your legs and arms straightened and put your hands against the wall. Push your arms against the wall while bending your back.   ...
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Stretching exercises for the lumbar area

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Sitting on hands and knees. Contract the abdominal muscles and bend your back. Relax the abdominal muscles and straighten your back.   Lying on your back. Bend both legs and grab them behind your knee. Push your knees against your chest.   Of knees in the floor, with the buttocks in contact with the checks. To flex the trunk toward the floor and to extend both arms. To rotate the superior part of the trunk toward a side ...
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Ischiotibial stretching exercises

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Sitting on the floor. One leg completely stretched and the other bended. Bend your chest, stretching your hands towards the foot of the stretched out leg. (Maintaining your back straight)   Lying down on your back. One leg stretched and the other bended with the heel against the floor. Lift up the stretched out leg. Grab it at knee height and push it towards your face.   Lying on your back. One leg stretched and the other bended. Throw a towel around the foot of th ...
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Stretching exercises for the hips and the buttocks

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Lying on your back. Bend one leg and grab it a bit below the knee. Push the knee against your chest.   Standing up. Bend one knee and lower your body until the knee of the other leg touches the floor. Stretch the foot of the leg that touches the floor so the back of the foot touches the floor too. Push the knee of the stretched out leg towards the floor.   Lying on your back. Bend a leg and cross it over the other leg. Push the knee of the bended leg again ...
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Cervical stretching exercises

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Lying on your back, bend your legs and put your feet flat on the ground. Put your hands together behind your head. Lift your head up, trying to touch your chest with your chin. The back should remain in contact with the floor.   Standing up, put your hands together behind your head. Push your head forwards, trying to touch your chest with your chin.   Sitting in a chair, let your arm hang alongside your body ( do not lift the shoulder of this arm during the stretching exe ...
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Extensor stretching exercises of the wrist

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Standing up with your arms stretched out. Put the back of your hands against each other. Separate the back of your hands, maintaining only the wrists together.    Sitting on hands and knees, with your arms stretched out. Press the back of your hands against the floor, making the hands face the knees. Bend your body backwards.   Lift both arms above your head. Grab one hand at the back and push it down.   ...
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Flexor stretching exercises of the wrist

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Standing up, hold the palms of your hands against each other, the fingers upwards. Lower the hands as much as possible in the direction of the floor, maintaining the palms of the hands against each other.   Standing up, put the palms of your hands against each other, the fingers pointing at the floor. Lift your hands towards your face as much as possible, maintaining the palms of the hands together.   Standing on your feet, put the palms of your hands together, the fingers ...
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Shoulder stretching exercises

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist In lifting position. Spread your arms as much as possible. Push your chest towards the floor without touching it.   Lean back against a chair using both of your hands. Stretch your legs and let them slide forwards. Start with your arms completely stretched and lower your buttocks little by little towards the floor.   Standing up with your legs put together, lift up a stick using both arms. Lift your arms above your head, both at the same height and push them b ...
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Abdominal stretching exercises

Physiotherapist Lying on your belly with your body stretched. Press the palms of your hands against the floor and stretch your arms, arching your back. Contract the muscles of the buttocks while arching your back in order to protect the lumbar area. Kneeling down with the points of your feet backwards. Arch your back and grab your feet by the ankles. Push your loins forwards. Standing up with your legs open wide. Put your hands in the lumbar area. Let the hands slide downwards, arching your back and bending yo ...
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Functional bandages or taping

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist INTRODUCTION A functional bandage is a type of partial inmobilization, which is characterized by the fact that it allows for a certain level of functional mobility in comparison to a complete inmobilization. It is used for ligamentous, tendinous and muscular pathologies. A functional bandage has the advantage that it avoids the secondary effects of a total inmobilization. These secondary effects range from muscular atrophy to articular rigidity, as well as cutaneous injuries, Sudek’s syndrom and even an increase of the trombotic ri ...
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Taping applied in cases of sprained lateral ligaments of the ankle

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Introduction A sprained ankle is a common injury among sportsmen. If it is not treated correctly it can generate chronic instability or a chronical sprain. The most frequently hurt ligament is the Lateral external ligament (LEL) in its anterior fibular astragalus fasciculus. The ligamentous injury is often accompanied by ankle fractures that go by unnoticed if there is no movement. The lateral external ligament of the foot gets sprained because of a traumatisme  of the ankle’s articulation. When the articulation is f ...
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Introduction to stretching exercises

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist INTRODUCTION Nowadays stretching exercises play an important role in sports training, during warming up as well as during recovery. Stretching exercises have a beneficious effect on the sportsman’s organism, helping him to prevent injuries, improving his efficiency and yielding, helping him recover faster from an intensive training and improving the rehabilitation in those sportsmen who have already suffered injuries. On the level of the articulations, stretching exercises stimulate the prodution of synovial liquids. This liq ...
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