Juliet Prado Garcia
Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Graduate
Havana Institute of Medical Science
The use of magnetic fields for therapeutic purposes is known as MAGNETIC THERAPY.
Currently the electromagnetic field is one of the many agents in our therapeutic arsenal and can complement existing therapies. It allows us to influence the evolution of an illness, sometimes before it even manifests itself.
Magnetic therapy is considered a non-thermal or cold physical agent. This is because, unlike other agents, its biological effects are not dependent on raising the temperature. Rather, it has many subtle effects on several levels, which are amplified and have a systematic effect. Thus it is indicated at very acute stages of the pathological process and is not contraindicated if the patient has prosthetic joints or external fixators made of osteosynthesis materials. It has great penetration capacity and a significant effect on the trophic stimulation of bone and collagen; an effect that is linked to local production of microcurrents which accelerates osteogenesis. It is also has a significantly circulatory, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, and stimulates the immune mechanisms. It plays a key role in piezoelectric phenomena in this case called magnetostriction. It has a mechanical packing effect on collagen fiber and stimulates the generation of fibroblasts and osteoblasts with the production of micro-currents induced on bone matrix. 
In the treatment of bone fractures, from the oldest and most effective methods to the newest and least publicized, all have a recovery period than limit and disable the patient, for longer than they or those treating them would like.
Based on all this accumulated experience, considering the high incidence of fractures in Primary Care rehabilitation practices and due to the new possibility to using magnet therapy equipment, we propose to analyze the value of magnetic therapy in the treatment of bone fractures, within the framework of a rehabilitation program.
- Analysis of the therapeutic value of magnetic therapy on the treatment of bone fractures
- Evaluation of the possible combination with other physiotherapeutic procedures
- Characterization of its influence on inflammatory response
- Measurement of its effect on pain
- Specify its influence on functional recovery and the incorporation of the patient to activities of daily living (ADLs)