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PHYSIOTHERAPY PROTOCOL: NON OPERATIONAL SHOULDER PAIN

A.Galindo J.Guijarro MªJ. Vidal Physiotherapists General Goals To create a broad protocol covering the different pathologies included in the diagnosis of shoulder pain, that may be applied by the majority of physiotherapists To promote a healthy posture to prevent further recurrences Encourage phyical exercise at the end of RHB as a health education measure, taking into account the different social spheres. Specific Goals Improve the functionality and quality of life of patients by returning them to work and / or sport Reduc ...
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ABDOMINAL TRAINING FOR LUMBAR STABILIZATION

David Alonso Calderón Chartered Physiotherapist, Zaragoza (Spain) The lack of stability or "instability" of the lumbar spine must be differentiated from hypermobility. In both the range of motion is greater than normal. However, instability is present when excessive movement is accompanied by a lack of "protective" muscle control (Maitly 1986). The two situations are often the cause of many lumbar pains. Spine stability is determined by three different systems: the passive, relating to noncontractile tissue; the active, to contractile tissue (muscles); a ...
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EPICONDYLITIS IN TENNS PLAYERS

Fátima Cartagena Brotóns Physiotherapist Universidad Católica San Antonio (Murcia) Specialist in sports physiotherapy –Universidad Rey Juan Carlos I (Madrid) Epicondylitis, also know as “tennis elbow”, is an inflammation of the insertion of the tendons of the wrist extensor muscles with insertion on the lateral epicondyle (I and II radial, posterior ulnar, finger extensors and long and short supinators).From the biomechanical point of view, the backhand technique incorporates all the ideal features to produce this injury: the elbow, wrist and fingers are flexed with a strong tension. ...
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Obstetric brachial palsy (OBP)

Carla Rova Graduate, Universidad General San Martín- Rosario, Santa Fe (Argentina) INTRODUCTION A literature review was carried out on various aspects of obstetric brachial palsy (OBP). Expressed in this paper are criteria for diagnosis, surgical treatment options, performance of the entire interdisciplinary team and the development of kinesic treatment. OBP, within traumatic injuries of the brachial plexus, have peculiarities: they occur at the time of birth, have a greater chance of recovery and have a better prognosis than adult injuries. A description of OBP ...
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The influence of Osteopathy on Physiotherapy: new times

Alicia Muñoz BonoPhysiotherapy Graduate, Universidad Católica San Antonio de MurciaABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: In Spain, there are more and more physiotherapists that dare to embark on a journey to find new knowledge about osteopathy.GOALS: To analyze the frequency with which physiotherapists carry out osteopathy studies. To find out the opinion of the interviewees in regard to osteopathy as a way of working for physiotherapists.MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 52 chartered physiotherapists of Andalucia’s Illustrious Official College of Physiotherapy. A survey was elaborated, compose ...
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KINEANTHROPOMETRIC EVALUATION IN ADOLESCENT TENNIS Y VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS

Ramón Martínez Quiles Graduate Physiotherapist, Universidad Catolica San Antonio de Murcia. ABSTRACT -INTRODUCTION: This study involved conducting a kineanthropometric study on tennis and volleyball players aged between 13 and 16 who had at least two years of training. Afterwards the averages of players of the sport were taken. -GOALS: To find morphological differences between the players of one sport and those of the other by comparing the results. -MATERIAL AND METHOD: To do so, a sample was taken of 16 athletes (8 tennis and 8 volleyball players) ...
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE KINEMATICS BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN

Carolina Escobar Materon 5th year Physiotherapy Student, Escuela Nacional del Deportte de Cali (Columbia) INTRODUCTION Kinematic gait analysis is the description of the details of human movement regardless of the internal or external forces that cause it. This parameter is an important tool for obtaining normal and pathological patterns of locomotion, and in addition, it has been shown to be useful in treatment prescription and also in evaluation therapeutic results. NORMAL GAIT In order to begin walking, it is necessary to start from a situation of mechanical sta ...
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HIPOTHESIS: THE CAUSE OF ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURY IN SOCCER PLAYERS

Juan José Gascó Esparza Physiotherapy Graduate, E.U. de Fisioterapia (Valencia) Today, the injury of the moment in Spanish football is the ruptured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee. [1]. Finding out the main reason why this ligament gets injured is of great relevance and interest, as is studying the increasing prevalence of this injury at the beginning of last season. Many studies have been carried out, and many causes have been pointed to, direct or indirectly. However, none of them explain with certainty what really happens. Reading studies [2,3,4] one realize ...
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HIPOTHESIS: THE CAUSE OF PUBALGIA IN THE SOCCER PLAYER

Juan José Gascó Esparza Physiotherapy Graduate, E.U. de Physiotherapy (Valencia) Footballer’s groin has many names [1] such as pubalgia, pubic enthesitis, dynamic osteopathy of the pubis, or osteoperiosteal adductor enthesitis, among others, though these are the most common and used. There is currently not much concordance as to what causes the appearance of pubalgia. Various factors are being considered, that can be classified in internal or intrinsic, and external or extrinsic. They are the following: Intrinsic: Postural static alterations ...
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HYPOTHESIS: RISK ASSESSMENT OF LUMBAR DISC HERNIATION: RATIO BETWEEN BODY WEIGHT AND LINE OF GRAVITY INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISTANCE

Juan José Gascó Esparza Physiotherapy Graduate in E.U. de Physiotherapy (Valencia) INTRODUCTION It has been shown that a hernia does not occur unless the disc is previously degenerated. [1, 2] Disciplines like ergonomy and postural hygene have aimed to minimize external risk factors like heavy lifting, sitting and sleeping posture, etc. However, it does not seem sufficient to reduce the prevalence of lumbar disc herniation, either because they are not sufficiently effective or because the patient doesn’t practice them unless he or she has symptoms. Recent st ...
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COMPARATIVE STUDY: CONVENTIONAL VS CONVENTIONAL AND IONTOPHORESIS TREATMENT IN PATIENTS WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS SYMPTOMS IN THEIR HANDS

Rivera, Ana Rojas, Eudelis Tovar, Karina Speciality: Physiotherapy Tutor: Carlos Perales, Physiotherapist This research paper was conducted in order to compare the effects of including the technique of iontophoresis in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis patients with symptoms in the hands vs. the effects of applying only conventional treatment. To this end, we conducted a field study with a sample of 6 patients, divided into a control group (A) and an experimental (B) with 3 patients each. For 2 weeks, the control group was applied conventional treatment. T ...
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Domestic ergonomics: Analysis from the point of view of physiotherapy

David Vera Romero Santiago Rosende Domínguez Health Science School - Departament of Physiotherapy and Podology - Seville. 2nd year Physiotherapy students. INTRODUCTION / RATIONALE In the life of every individual the act of acquiring a home involves a continual time commitment to developing certain activities within it. This can generate both physical and psychological health problems due to a lack of knowledge about bad postures when doing housework, as a result of erroneous learning of gestualization of these postures. In addition we must not forget the p ...
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Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

Leidy Johanna Valencia Alzate Fourth year Physiotherapy Student Universidad Santiago de Cali -Columbia ABSTRACT The temporomandibular joint enables the functional movements of the mouth necessary for feeding and speech. When a dysfunction in this joint occurs, the mobility of the mouth is limited and therefore the functionality of the affected person. The most common alterations are temporomandibular joint syndrome, fractures, luxations / subluxations, bruxism and arthritis, which typically produce pain, swelling, limitation of joint mobility and muscle imbalance. ...
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AN UNFINISHED PUZZLE: THE PHANTOM LIMB

Manuel Flores Lara Physiotherapist (EUCS, Granada) INTRODUCTION To carry out this article, I compared the human body with a puzzle. A person suffering an amputation loses part of his body, which would in some way be equivalent to a piece of the puzzle. Although the amputee patient believes he is complete and is not aware of his deficit, since he still feels as if the limb were present, this is the phantom limb sensation. DEFINITION Phantom limb sydrome is the perception of sensations, normally including pain, in an amputated limb. Patients with this condition experien ...
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MUSCLE CHAIN STRETCHING PROGRAMS FOR THE PREVENTION OF POSTURAL INJURIES IN BANDERILLEROS*

Rocío Alarcón Pato Virginia Algaba Martín Physiotherapists (Seville University) *Short stabbing skewers used in bullfighting. The goal of this research paper is to demonstrate that the completion of stretching programs of the muscle chains that are most programmed in the posture adopted to insert the banderillas, specifically the “inside” style, can improve the performance of this technique and prevent possible injuries, especially to the lower back. We have focused this research project on the field of bullfighting, specifically the students of the ...
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CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME

Diego Pinto Second Year Physical Therapy Student. University of El Salvador. 5 year degree program PATHOLOGY Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is the name given to the compression of the median nerve in its passage through the carpal tunnel. The latter may be compared to an oval osteofibrous slide that has a dorsolateral wall made of the carpal bones and an anterior wall formed by the strong anterior annular ligament of the carpus. The flexor muscles of the fingers and median nerve pass through there. Due to the inextensibility of the tunnel the median nerve is easily compressed by ...
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BENIGN PAROXYSMAL POSITIONAL VERTIGO

Philippe Muñoz Deletre Chartered physiotherapist Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a rotary vertigo of short duration. It is accompanied by nystagmus and is caused by a particular head position relative to space. In most cases the cause is idiopathic, is thought to come perhaps in some previous vestibulopathy or trauma to the skull. It is the most common cause of peripheral vertigo, and its incidence is of 39% of cases in an otolaryngology consultation. Its epidemiology is 2 women per man. The patient feels true rotary vertigo (approximately 25 seconds) ...
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The joint therapeutic effects of hydrotherapy and physiotherapy in Lumbar

Enrique Barroca, Kinesiologist PhysiatristMiguel Leccese, KinesiologistThe herniated disc is one of the various spinal pathologies. Among the various spinal pathologies , a herniated disk is one of them. It may involve unique characteristics when it causes irritation due to compression of nerve roots at different levels. The most common injury in the lumbar spine occurs in nerve root L4 L5. Treatment is conservative, not surgical, in a high percentage of cases. The most common are physiotherapy, medication, epidural infiltrations and alternative therapies such as acupuncture and hydrotherapy.W ...
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PODAL REFLEXOLOGY: A PHYSIOTHERAPEUTIC APPROACH

Isabel María Fernández Medina Physiotherapy Graduate, E.U. Ciencias de Salud (Granada). Chartered physiotherapist of the Illustrious College of Physiotherapists of Andalucia ABSTRACT Today, we pay very little attention to our feet. They are the forgotten part of our body, despite being the place where a multitude of nerve endings end. The sole of the foot and the foot as a whole schematically represent the whole body and its organs. This is the principle of podal reflexology. In it, aside from the diagnostic importance it has, through the reflex effect of ...
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MYOFASCIAL TREATMENT OF PUBALGIA IN FOOTBALLERS: 3 CASES

Juan José Gascó Esparza Physiotherapy Graduate in E.U. de Fisioterapia (Valencia) Footballer’s groin injury or pubalgia is a condition that is not yet clear. It is also a pathology that can eventually lead to the partial or total inability to practice the sport, which benefits neither players nor football clubs. It is characterized by pain in the insertion zone of the adductors in the groin, which will be more or less severe depending on the stage of the disease. This pain is the result of the inflammation of the adductors at their insertion in the pubis, often ending ...
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CONCEPTS OF EXTENDED OUTPATIENT PHYSIOTHERAPY (EOP)

Javier Moreno Sanjuán Physiotherapist, San Agustín Hospital, Avilés (Spain) Associate Professor, Physiotherapy School of the University of Oviedo ABSTRACT Extended Outpatient Physiotherapy (EOP) is halfway between what we understand by physiotherapy and sports training; it constitutes the final phase of any physiotherapeutic process in which proposed goals have been met. Above all, it is useful in sports physiotherapy in which the physiotherapist and trainer have to collaborate. The EOP is also applicable to non-sporting patients, especially traumatologists. KE ...
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Muscle Chains

Manuel Padrino Martínez Physiotherapy student Venezuela INTRODUCTION Muscle chains represent circuits of fixed direction and planes through which the organizing forces of the body spread. For an intimate understanding of human beings, first it is necessary to have a good understanding of the physiological organization of the body. This way one can better follow the intelligent installation of the adaptive, compensatory and pathological schema. The body obeys three laws: Balance Economy Comfort (absence of pain). In the physiological scheme, balan ...
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T. E. N. S. TRANSCUTANEOUS NERVE STIMULATION

Enrique Baroca, Graduate Kinesiologist and Physiatrist Visiting Professor, Department of Physiotherapy II and Climatotherapy, " Paraleo Course ", School of Kinesiology and Physiatry, Universidad de Buenos Aires Professor of the Physiotherapy Department, Universidad F.A.S.T.A. Professor of the Physiotherapy Department, Universidad U.C.E.S. Professor of the Biophysics and Biomechanics Department, Universidad de Morón. Head of Practical Work of the Physiotherapy Department, Universidad de Morón. INTRODUCTION Analgesia induced by transcutaneous or p ...
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PHYSIOTHERAPY’S PSYCHOLOGICAL INFLUENCE ON PATIENTS WITH ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE

AUTHORS: Israel Fornieles OrtizPhysiotherapist in the AQUAE centre, Roquetas de Mar, Spain Rubén Fernández GarcíaPhysiotherapist. Professor in the Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy. Almería University) Emilio García RodríguezPhysiotherapist. Freelance. ABSTRACT In the treatment of the elderly it is important to consider the interaction that develops between the therapist and patient. This aspect is clearly not unique to the Physiotherapy, but it seems evident that older people show a further deterioration in social relations when they are not treated ...
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RE-EDUCATION IN URINARY INCONTINENCE

AUTHOR: Jéssica Ortega Ramos Physiotherapist at the Llar Conca de Barberà Residence (Manresa, Spain) Talking about the future can always lead us to speculation. In order to minimize this, we must conduct the review basing it on past and present data. This will allow us to obtain a current snapshot from a historical perspective, and allow the elaboration of a projection of the future in the most accurate way possible, presenting it as the logical evolution of analyzed events. To this end we must take into account all the variables that affect the process. In the ...
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The Rood Method: An Alternative Therapy

Ludwing Vincenzo Romero Funiciello, Higher Technician in Physiotherapy. Valencia – Venezuela Management of the Margaret Rood method with some modifications which have seen rapid and significant improvements in patients with disorders of muscle tone and sensitivity. Introduction From Margaret Rood’s best-known concepts, we may discern that through proper management of sensorial stimuli we obtain a better muscular response. This is due to a normalization of tone, by means of a controlled evocation of motor response reflexes; stimuli based on sensorimotor devel ...
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Exercise program: Psychoprophalactic Birth

Karla Figuera Physiotherapist Venezuela The exercises outlined below, accompanied by clear illustrations of all their movements have been studied by specialists, and allow several benefits: An improvement in posture and appearance Relief from back pain Muscles further strengthened to prepare for labor and support for the flaccid joints An improvement in circulation Increased flexibility Increase in / maintenance of aerobic fitness Increased energy level: to combat fatigue Reduced muscle tension; promoting relaxation Promotion of feelings of ...
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Proposal for the treatment and prevention of patellar tendinopathy in soccer

Ismael S. López López Physical Education Graduate, Specializing in Soccer. 3rd Year Physiotherapy Student. University of Seville. Doctoral Candidate in Physical Education. Professional Soccer Player for Xerez FC. 1.- INTRODUCTION AND RATIONALE. Patellar tendinopathy is a very well known traumatic pathology in the sports world, but less so in soccer where it is relatively recent. As we already mentioned in the previous article, its appearance in soccer coincides with that of new training trends- especially strength training, based on plyometric exercise ...
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Proposal for conceptualization and means of recovery from Patellar Tendinopathy in soccer

Ismael S. López López Physical Education Graduate, Specializing in Soccer. 3rd Year Physiotherapy Student. University of Seville. Doctoral Candidate in Physical Education. Professional Soccer Player for Xerez FC. 1.- INTRODUCTION Patellar tendinopathy has made its appearance in soccer as a very common injury, coinciding with methodological advances in training- in particular strength training, based on plyometrics and weight training, which severely overload the tendon. The sports own techniques also have important implications.   Physical preparat ...
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Biomechanical analysis of kicking the ball in soccer

Karla Figuera Physiotherapist Venezuela Both the informational aspects and the bioenergetic aspects involved in this action must be taken into account to determine this anatomical structure. Within the informational aspects we find eye-foot coordination, coordination between the scapular and pelvic girdle and the pelvis-torso response to the motion, dynamic balance, and perception of the moving object. Within the bioenergetic aspects we find eccentric contraction strength and segmental execution velocity of the lower extremity. The basic mechanics of kicking the ball ...
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Minor muscle injuries in sport. Concept, classification and treatment

Josep Benítez Martínez Physiotherapist Pamesa Valencia Basketball Team. Osteopathy C.O. (Expert) Doctoral Candidate in Prevention and Treatment of Sporting Injuries. UCAM Muscle problems are one of the main causes driving athletes to a decline in training and / or its interruption, with the consequent impact on performance. Traditionally, muscular injuries in athletes have been classified into two big groups: with anatomical injuries (microsprains and sprains); and without anatomical injuries (contractures, contusions, strains). How many times do we come across m ...
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Frenkel’s Exercises

Ludwing Vincenzo Romero Funiciello Higher Technician in Physiotherapy. Valencia – Venezuela H.S. Frenkel was medical superintendent of Freihof Sanatorium in Switzerland, carried out a special study of the tabes dorsalis and advocated a treatment method for ataxia, which is a common symptom of the disease, through systematic and graduated exercises. Since then, methods have been used to treat the resulting incoordination of many other diseases, such as disseminated sclerosis. He recommended the pursuit of voluntary regulation of movement through the use of any par ...
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MUSCLE STRAINS IN SPORT: PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT

José Bugeda Becerril Physiotherapy Graduate, Universidad Alfonso X el Sabio, Madrid. Participant in the Support Group of Madrid’s High Performance Judo Centre. ABSTRACT Muscle strain is defined as a partial or complete tear of the myotendinous junction. Therefore tissue fibers are broken and bleed producing a hematoma. Strains can be classified by their severity: mild (grade 1), moderate (grado2), and complete or severe (grade 3). Muscle tears are due to a dynamic overload, and the most frequent cause is a violent contraction with simultaneous overstretchin ...
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An update in physiotherapeutic diagnosis and re-education of injured elbow ligaments

Enric Sirvent Ribalda Anthropologist, Physiotherapist, University Diploma in Nursing Tenured lecturer at EUF Gimbernat, affiliate of the Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona Coordinator of the University Department of Research and Physiotherapy Jordi Huguet Boqueras Traumatologist, Unit of the Study of the Shoulder and Elbow, Sabadell Hospital. Associate Professor at EUF Gimbernat, affiliate of the Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona Vicenç Punsola Izard Physiotherapist, Centre de la Mà (Barcelona). Associate Professor, EUF Gimbernat, affiliate of the Univer ...
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PHYSIOTHERAPY IN CERVICALGIA

Ana María Gómez Vizcaíno Chartered Physiotherapist (Murcia) INTRODUCTION After five years working in the rehabilitation department of Cartagena’s Perpetuo Socorro Hospital and bearing in mind that 40% of treated patients suffered this pathology, below I will outline a protocol created on the basis of the different experiences shared with them in a period of 6 to 8 weeks. The cervical column is undoubtedly the most complex articular system in the human body. It has 37 different joints whose function is to support the head, as well as to ensure a large number ...
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Russian Currents as a training method for bodybuilders

María Vistoria Plá Kinesiology and Physitrics Graduate Today, the so-called Russian Currents still exist in name, but in reality, have little to do with what sports physician Y. Kots had conceived. It was he who first used NeuroMuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) as a complement to traditional muscular strength work in training the Olympic athlete Borzov. The latter went on to become Olympic champion in the100m sprint. Kots demonstrates a 40% muscle strength gain in elite athletes, a 10cm increase in the vertical jump and a 10% increase in the diameter of the transv ...
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Research as professional progress

Diego Chamorro Physiotherapist At the beginning of the 21st Century no one questions or puts into doubt the beneficial labor of physical medicine within health science. The evolution of different fields of rehabilitation accompanies the meteoric advance of other health specialties, generating a propitious space for the underlying scientific enrichment. That said, if we were to merely endeavor to highlight this progress, we would be guilty of a dangerous reductionism conducive to stagnation and apathy. Regarding this situation, we believe it worth noting the relevance of ...
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Prevalence of trigger points in the lower limbs of soccer players

Carlos Rodrigo Sierra Chartered Physiotherapist, Madrid College of Physiotherapists ABSTRACT Soccer’s characteristics make it a sport in which factors like mechanical overload and changes in rhythm may cause the activation of myofascial trigger points (MTP). The goal of this study is double: To prove the relationship of dependency between the practice of soccer and MTP in lower limbs. To demonstrate that Morton’s Foot Structure influences the state of MTP in peroneus muscles. To do so we have carried out a cohort study with a total ...
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PRIMARY CARE: STRATEGY FOR THE PREVENTION OF INJURY IN PHYSICALLY ACTIVE SUBJECTS. ANALYSIS OF VARIABLE INDICATORS OF MUSCULAR DAMAGE AND INFLAMMATION

Elsa Esteban Fernández Chartered Physiotherapist Granada ABSTRACT Physical exercise carried out in certain conditions can cause fatigue. This in turn can trigger numerous alterations and injuries. Therefore, we aim to prevent these and create healthy physical/sporting habits in people who are physically active, either in leisure time or because their job require relatively intense physical effort. With the implementation of a physical conditioning program and / or taking an immunomodulator, alterations in the immune system could be avoided and the appearance of ...
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ANTERIOR KNEE PAIN SYNDROME (A.K.P.S)

Valeriano Martínez González Physiotherapy Graduate of the Universidad Alfonso X el Sabio Physiotherapist at Clínica Universal y Nuevo Parque (Madrid) Physiotherapist at Centro Medico Averroes (Majadahonda) INTRODUCTION The phrase “Different causes, same symptoms” perfectly sums up the disparity of criteria we are faced with when treating the so-called Anterior Knee Pain Syndrome. For years, the femoro-patellar joint was the forgotten ragbag of the knee for traumatologists and physiotherapists alike. Today its pathology and treatment have greatly ...
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Using meditation as a complementary technique in the treatment of pain in physiotherapy

Cristina Torres Pascual Professor at l´Escola Universitària de Fisioteràpia Garbí in Salt (Girona) ABSTRACT Physiotherapy is a specialty that is not just based on the application of physical techniques. It can also use other disciplines to improve the results of treatments. One of these is meditation. Meditation may be defined as the training of the mind, through which it achieves positive neuroendocrine changes. Patients suffering pain, and especially chronic pain, can benefit from this technique, since the biochemical and electrical changes that are produce ...
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LOWER BACK PAIN IN PREGNANT WOMEN

A. R. Fernández Mora L. Guirado Martínez N. Remiro Herranz Chartered Physiotherapists. Madrid Pregnancy is a state in which women undergo a multitude of changes. These affect numerous structures, both physical and psychological. In this article, we wish to center our attention on the physical changes and specifically on its negative effect, which causes lower back pain in pregnant women and that we will treat on a physiotherapeutic level. The changes that we refer to are: On a muscular level Abdominal muscle relaxation allows the proper growth of the womb ...
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PHYSIOTHERAPY IN PELVIC FLOOR RE-EDUCATION

María Pilar Cambra Linés Chartered Physiotherapist of the Ilustrious Official College of Physiotherapists of Aragon Member of AFESP (Association of Physiotherapists in Pelvic Floor) As a healthcare profession, physiotherapy enables the action, intervention and provision of a wide range of medico-sanitary specialties. Though just a small part of them are well known, like geriatrics, orthopedics and traumatology, neurology or cardiorepiratory, many other less “classic” possibilities exist. This does not make them less important or demanded, as is the case of physioth ...
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COMPARISON OF ANALGESIC EFFECTIVENESS IN SHOULDER TENDINOSIS BETWEEN PATIENTS TREATED AT HOME AND IN THE S.E.R.C.

Claudia E. Pacheco Soto Physiotherapist. Mexico INTRODUCTION Shoulder tendinosis causes pain, functional limitation and often disability in sufferers. Among the treatment alternatives are drugs, inmobilization, infiltration, surgery and rehabilitation. Rehabilitation departments are frequently saturated and patients are sent home to follow a program instructed by trained personnel. Shoulder tendinosis is a problem that commonly effects the economically active, mainly males in their thirties and forties. It causes significant economic losses because of the days of di ...
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MUSIC AS A TOOL IN PHYSICAL THERAPY

Vivy Sayury Aquite Agudelo Physiotherapist. Columbia There are several tools that can be used in managing patients with neuromotor illnesses or other conditions in the field of ??rehabilitation. Through my vocation as a physiotherapist, I’ve found that one of the simplest but most effective tools for development in the treatment of these patients is the use of MUSIC within the framework of the usual therapy. This is clearest in children with cerebral palsy. Due to their condition and clinical signs, they specifically demonstrate the advantages that are gained when music ...
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MASSAGE: Its use as a tool in neurodevelopment

Vivy Sayury Aquite Agudelo Physiotherapist. Columbia Through our hands we can convey affection to and comfort babies. The baby establishes bonds of affection through touch since this is how we transmit love. For this reason and many more, massage is one of the greatest activities that can be used to establish communication with the baby and thus show how much he or she is loved. It should be used daily as a tool in neurodevelopment. A good moment is after bathing as the child is more comfortable. It should not be done when the baby is sleepoing, when he or she has just fed and ...
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Assessment and rehabilitation of the knee

Ibrahim Hijazi Prieto Chartered Physiotherapist EXAMINATION AND ASSESSMENT: Atrophy of the quadriceps, (measuring with a tape measure) 12cm above the top edge of the patella, to see the diameter of the thigh and compare it with the healthy side. Degrees of flexor to be taken into account. BIOMECHANICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE KNEE: 1) 3D measurement of joint movement and analysis of movement. Flexion and extension of the knee without support and under load (monopodal support), active and passive. - Theanalysis of movement in 3D (photogr ...
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ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF KINESIC TREATMENT IN POST-MASTECTOMY LYMPHEDEMA

Liliana E. Falcón. Kinesiology Graduate. Ida Cristina Burich.Kinesiologist. Full Time staff at the Dr. Julio C. Perrando Hospital in Resistencia (Argentina) ABSTRACT Retrospective study reviewing medical records from January 2000 to March 2004 in patients diagnosed with lymphedema or breast surgery, with a view to determine the incidence of postmastectomy lymphedema in the department of Kinesiology and evaluate the results of therapy. Key words: lymphedema, assessment. INTRODUCTION Post-mastectomy lymphedema is of secondary origen to lymph node involv ...
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CASE STUDY IN A LEFT HEMIPLEGIA SUFFERER

María Isabel Rodríguez González Rosana Sánchez Fábrega Physiotherapists 1.- INTRODUCTION 2.- ANALYTICAL AND FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE PATIENT. 3.- TREATMENT 3.1.- TREATMENT GOALS 3.2.- PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT 3.3.- OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY TREATMENT 4.- PATIENT’S CURRENT SITUATION. 5.- CONCLUSIONS AND RESULTS. 1.- INTRODUCTION Patient information: A.C of 70 years of age. Admitted to the Salvador de Pedroche nursing home in Cordoba) in 2004, having suffered a CVA whilst working (when he was 69). Personal Background: Type 2 mell ...
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PHYSIOKINESIC TREATMENT OF FLAT FEET

Pamela Rojas Vargas 1. Concept: The most accurate definition of flatfoot tells us that: flat foot is a condition where there is a lowering or disappearance of the internal plantar arch. Flat foot almost always occurs with another disorder, such as calcaneus pronation, which forms a valgus flat foot.[1] 2. Treatment In the treatment of a flexible flat foot, physiotherapy is a tool that can improve alterations present in children with this condition. Kinesiotherapy is part of this tool, which works with exercises to strengthen the child’s foot. 2.1. Kinesio ...
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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation students from the Instituto de la Clínica Ricardo Palma in Lima (Peru) Definition ALS is a disease of nervous motor cells in the brain and spinal cord that causes the progressive loss of motor control. Three types of ALS are known: Sporadic: the most common form, representing approximately 90% of cases. The disease is random, with no known cause and without any other family members being affected. Familial: the disease appears to have a hereditary component. Territorial or Guamanian: because of its extremely high incidence in t ...
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TAI CHI AS A COMPLEMENT TO PHYSIOTHERAPY

Francisco Pelayo de los Reyes Rafael Maqueda Benítez Third Year Physiotherapy Students at Seville University Abstract Tai chi is a traditional Chinese martial art that has been practiced in China for centuries. It combines deep breathing from the diaphragm and relaxation with various key postures. These combine with one another in slow, delicate and gentle movements. It has been championed for developing mind-body interaction, hand-eye coordination and relaxation.  All this produces several benefits in the person practicing it on both a physical and psychological level ...
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New advances in the therapeutic application of T. E. N. S. (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation), in patients with delayed bone healing

Enrique Baroca. Graduate Kinesiologist and Physiatrist Visiting Professor, Department of Physiotherapy II and Climatotherapy, " Paraleo Course ", School of Kinesiology and Physiatry, Universidad de Buenos Aires Professor of the Physiotherapy Department, Universidad F.A.S.T.A. Professor of the Physiotherapy Department, Universidad U.C.E.S. Professor of the Biophysics and Biomechanics Department, Universidad de Morón Head of Practical Work of the Physiotherapy Department, Universidad de Morón. ABSTRACT The optimal use of TENS for an effective electroa ...
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PHYSIOTHERAPY: PAST, PRESENT, AND…FUTURE?

Alberto Horacio Reandes Kinesiology graduate University Lecturer at the Universidad Nacional de Entre Ríos (Argentina) INTRODUCTION The word physiotherapycomes from the union of the Greek wordsphandsis, meaning nature, and therapehia, meaning treatment. This means that etymologically, physiotherapy is “treatment by nature”, though nowadays it is better recognized as “treatment by physical agents.” The etymological change in meaning was consolidated by the World Health Organization, which in 1958 defined physiotherapy as “ the art and scienc ...
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Ultrasound therapy in plantar fasciitis

Néstor Mora Casares (Technician) Dr. Isidro de Armas Polyclinic Tutors: Dr. Jorge Martin Cordero andDr. Pablo Pérez Coronel ABSTRACT Heel pain is a common condition that causes frustration in both patients and healthcare professionals. Its treatment can be a dilemma. Bearing in mind the large number of patients affected by subcalcaneal pain syndrome (planar fasciitis) in the rehabilitation zone of the Dr. Isidro de Armas Polyclinic, and how limiting and insidious it can become since it directly affects gait, I decided to evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasonic therap ...
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RECTUS FEMORIS STRAINS: THE SOCCER PLAYER’S INJURY. EARLY FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY

AUTHOR: Pedro Gómez Piqueras Doctoral Candidate in Sports Science. Last year Physiotherapy Student. Valencia University (Spain) 1. Introduction Soccer is a sport that requires a lot of effort from the athlete, and more so at a high level. It is a team sport characterized by explosive individual efforts and its practice poses an inherent risk of injury. This paper aims to inform the reader about one of the most common injuries suffered in soccer- strains in the anterior thigh area or more specifically, in the rectus femoris. Whether professionals or not, ...
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CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME

Antonio Montoro Gil Physiotherapy Graduate 1.- CONCEPT. INTRODUCTION The carpal tunnel is a narrow tunnel in the wrist composed of ligaments and bones. The median nerve, which carries impulses from the brain to the hand, passes through the carpal tunnel alongside the tendons that allow the hand to close. When they tense, the tendons swell inside the tunnel and compress the median nerve. Apart from repetitive movements, other conditions may lead to the compression of the median nerve: arthritis, diabetes, liquid retention, gout and malaligned fractures, chemical imbalances, ...
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Baby swimming: effects and benefits

Antonio Bretones Fernández Physiotherapy Graduate ABSTRACT Baby swimming has little to do with the act of swimming or learning to swim, since they are too small to acquire and develop autonomy in the water and make strokes. The various studies in both books and specialized magazines show data related to water and the elements involved in the learning process. As a result of researching these, this paper presents the different benefits that the practice of this activity has in infants. This paper’s goal is to carry out a bibliographical analysis of the ben ...
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MODIFICATIONS IN STABILOMETRY FOLLOWING A CERVICOMANDIBULAR TRAINING PROGRAM BASED ON THE KABAT METHOD. CASE STUDY

A. Parra González Physiotherapy Graduate INDEX Abstract and key words INTRODUCTION The relationship between the jaw and the static posture The relationship between the neck and maintaining posture Head posture and craniofacial morphology Head posture and dental occlusion GOALS MATERIAL AND METHODS Procedures RESULTS ARGUMENT BIBLIOGRAPHY ANNEX Nº 1 ANNEX Nº 2 ANNEX Nº 3 ANNEX Nº 4 ABSTRACT Analysis of the effectiveness of the treatment of the cervico-mandibular articulation in relation to the maintenance of a static po ...
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The value of the magnetic field in bone fractures

Juliet Prado Garcia Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Graduate Havana Institute of Medical Science INTRODUCTION The use of magnetic fields for therapeutic purposes is known as MAGNETIC THERAPY. Currently the electromagnetic field is one of the many agents in our therapeutic arsenal and can complement existing therapies. It allows us to influence the evolution of an illness, sometimes before it even manifests itself. Magnetic therapy is considered a non-thermal or cold physical agent. This is because, unlike other agents, its biological effects are not depen ...
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Physiotherapy Treatment for Epicondylitis in Tennis Players

Francisco Javier Toldos Ballesteros Chartered Physiotherapist of the College of Physiotherapists of Catalonia INDEX A.- ABSTRACT B.- CONTEXTUALIZATION AND THEORETIC FRAMEWORK 1. Introduction 2. Anatomic Description 3. Pathophysiology and Semiology Epidemiology (incidence and prevalence) 4. Medico-pharmaceutical treatment 5. Physiotherapy treatment 6. Medico-pharmaceutical treatment 7. Conclusions 8. Treatment guidelines D.- BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Books 2. Web pages 3. Articles 4. Abstracts and Texts A.- ABSTRACT What is epicondyliti ...
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HYDROTHERAPY FOR PARKINSON’S DISEASE PATIENTS

David Martinez Physiotherapy Student University of Castilla La Mancha In this paper we we will aim to name the different water-based activities available to a patient suffering from Parkinson's disease in order to improve their state. To start discussing the topic we must first define what hydrotherapy is and, of course, what Parkinson’s disease is. Hydrotherapy is a well-known ancient cure using water that has stood the test of time. Parkinson’s disease is a progressive extrapyramidal syndrome, which is caused by a dopaminergic deficiency associate ...
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TIBIAL PLATEAU FRACTURES

David Martinez Physiotherapy Student University of Castilla La Mancha INTRODUCTION This paper, as a general aim, attempts to give the reader an up close insight into the correct function of the knee, and specifically, that of the area where the plateaus are found, through an anatomical study, as well as giving special attention to this injury and to its most effective rehabilitation techniques. Tibial plateau fractures constitute a fairly common traumatic injury, fundamentally being caused by traffic accidents.  The increase in RTAs produces a greater number of c ...
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APPROACH TO plantar fasciitis IN A SOCCER PLAYER THROUGH PGM TREATMENT IN THE SHORT ABDUCTOR OF THE FIRST FINGER

Juan G. Miñano Vigo Physiotherapist Teaching and Research Unit of Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine of the Faculty of Health Science of the Rey Juan Carlos University. Intern collaborator at the Rey Juan Carlos University in teaching and research matters. ABSTRACT This paper presents the results of a clinical case of a patient with recurrent and chronic plantar fasciitis, who, due to his continued symptoms, was performed dry needling treatment. After four sessions, the results were very positive, above all in terms o ...
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A humanitarian approach to the management of severe spastic quadriparesis in children

Luis R. Barrios C Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Graduate Severe spastic quadriparesis as we know it,is the most limiting and serious motor disorder of all those affecting the central nervous system, not only because of the vast majority of sequelae such as cognitive impairment, deficits in vision, speech and hearing, but also due to the severe motor complications it presents. The general approach to this pathology is limited by the severe disability that it generates in the patient.  Due to the fact that it is a congenital and/or acquired disorder, affecting a large ...
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Spinal chord pathology

Francisco E. Pajares Mellado Chartered Physiotherapist of the Autonomous Community of Madrid (Associate nº 1672) Spinal Cord Pathologist The motive of this text is none other than to manifest the worry that many fellow back pathologists, myself included, have, regarding how incredibly misinformed the public is about an issue as common as back pain. On a daily basis I receive many patients who are unaware of the importance and consequences that back pain will have in their lives.  Everyone thinks: “My back hurts.  I have to go and get a massage to get rid o ...
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Contributions of diacutaneous fibrolysis in treating chronic ankle sprains

Nicolas Ramirez-Escudero Ugalde Chartered Physiotherapist of the Official College of Physiotherapists of the Basque Country, Spain (Associate nº 1095) Physiotherapist at Arasalud Ltd. Physiotherapy and Osteopathy Consultancy INTRODUCTION The foot is the joint that bears the greatest load per unit of the area in our whole body, being able to lift up to five times our body weight during normal walking. [2] It is a structure which must combine a certain degree of flexibility, for the proper absorption of forces coming from the ground, whilst at the same time behaving with ...
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BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF A SHOOTING SOCCER PLAYER

Manuel Padrino Martinez Physiotherapy Student VenezuelaDescription of the movementBefore establishing contact with the ball the soccer player jogs to gain the upper hand when he strikes the ball in terms of direction and most importantly, force.Therefore we must begin by analyzing the phases: the jog, the swing of the upper limbs presenting small movements of alternate flexion and extension in both the shoulder and the elbow.In the moment in which the soccerer kicks the ball, one leg stays anchored on the ground (supporting leg) and the other kicks the ball (contact leg).We will study this mov ...
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Fasciitis or plantar fasciosis in the sportsmen? Treatment through intratissue percutaneous electrolysis (IPE)

AUTHOR: José Manuel Sánchez PhDs FC Barcelona High Performance Senior Teacher Phone: 656935516 e-mail : chema632@hotmail.com Index: Summary and key words Introduction Anatomopathology of the chronic plantar fasciopathy Clinic of the chronic plantar fasciopathy Treatment of the chronic plantar fasciopathy through the Intratissue Percutaneous Electrolysis (IPE) Effects of Intratissue Percutaneous Electrolysis (IPE) in the tissue regeneration Address Bibliography Summary : From the new anatomopathological paradigm, the chronic plantar fasci ...
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An example of a case: subcapital fracture in humerus

Author: Beatriz Bonet Beltrán. Physiotherapist Index: CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS PHYSIOTHERAPY HEALTH HISTORY FUNCTIONAL DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT OBJECTIVES TREATMENT DATA RETRIEVAL PREVENTION RULES BIBLIOGRAPHY CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS: Medical Diagnosis: Subcapital fracture with tearing out of non-displacement troquiter of left humerus. There is no nervous injury. There was no surgical intervention, because a conservative treatment with immobilization during 3 weeks was chosen. To understand these type of fractures and its medical treatment, you should ...
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Treatment of patellar tendinopathy in sportsmen through in percutaneous intratendon electrolysis (PIE)

Jose Manuel Sánchez PhsD,PsyD,PT Professor of the Master High Performance of the F.C.Barcelona International Center Sports Rehabilitation of Barcelona (Spain) C/ Comte d’Urgell nº 182,etlo 5ª.Barcelona,Spain Telephone: 0034934523510 PURPOSE: Patellar tendinopathy or “jumper’s knee”is considered more a degenerative process than an“inflamed tendinitis”proper . Histopatológical studies do not show the presence of the inflamationary cells, rather disruption of the collagen fibres,degeneration (deterioration) of the mixoide anoxi ...
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Physical activity in geriatrics

AUTHOR: Jorge Rodrigo Rodríguez, Lecturer, E.U. of Physiotherapy of Toledo (Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha), Member of the Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology. This essay prentends to give directions on those aspects related to the development and application of a physical activity program for elderly people. OBJETIVES OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN GERIATRICS Age involves a reduction in the muscle tone and in the movement amplitude, a degradation in the motor coordination, and a reduction in the respiratory capacities. Therefore, at 60, it is already seen a ...
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Cystic fibrosis and other pulmonary pathologies

AUTHOR: Eva Barón Castaño Physiotherapist. Collegiate Member: 3821 . Oficial Physiotherpist Association of La Comunidad de Madrid. Collaborator of the Respiratoy and Geriatrics Commision of the Association INTRODUCTION Cystic fibrosis or mucoviscidosis is a chronic hereditary and generalized illness which affects the exocrine glands, specially pancreas and the bronchial tree. In this essay, I am going to focus on its respiratory affectation due to its significance in respiratory physiotherapy treatment. -In the pancreas, an obstruction in the pancreat ...
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What is the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome?

The Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is the name by which an heterogeneous group of hereditary illnesses of the connective tissue are known. This illness is described by joint Hypermobility , skin hyperextensibility and tissue fragility. People suffering from EDS, have a defect in their connective tissue, which is the tissue that keeps together the other tissues in the organism, and which acts as a support to many other parts of the body, such as the skin, joints, blood vessels and internal organs. The more often abnormalities found in the EDS people update are due to the effects of the ...
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What is the hypermobility?

AUTHOR: Association for Ehler-Danlos and Hypermobility  Syndrome http://asedh.org/ Proteins in connective tissues give the body its strength and intrinsic resistance. When there is a change in this proteins, results are specially seen in the mobile parts of the body (joints, muscles, tendons, cartilage, ligaments) which are more lax and fragile than they would normally be. The result is joint hypermobility, which makes these structures more vulnerable to injuries. We refer to the Hypermobility  Syndrome when there are a series of symptomes which come together with th ...
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Physiotherapy in geriatric centers – directed active exercises and activities in every day life

AUTHOR: J. Moreno Sanjuán. Bachelor in Physiotherapy Physiotherapist of Avilés  “San Agustín” Hospital C/ Severo Ochoa 21 – 8º I 33400 – Avilés Asturias Tlfno: 985932428 email:javivimosan@telecable.es RESUMEN Siendo cada vez mayor el numero de personas que ingresan en residencias geriátricas, se impone la realización de protocolos por parte del fisioterapeuta para intentar que las actividades de la vida diaria (AVD) no se vean impedidas en los últimos años de la vida. En el presente trabaj ...
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Musculature involved in the Kabat diagonals of  arms

Author: Gonzalo García Vázquez University Graduate in Physiotherapy.     Diagonal: FLEXION + ABD + ROT. EXT. Scapulae: MUSCULATURE MOVEMENT Trapezium Levator scapulae Serratus anterior Elevation post. Scapulae Shoulder: MUSCULATURE MOVEMENT Deltoid (anterior fibres) Biceps brachiis Coracobrachialis Supraespinous Infraespinous Teres minor Flexion + ABD + ext. Rot. Elbow: MUSCULAT ...
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Anatomy, biomechanics and sacroiliacus joint treatment

Autor: Guillermo Renzo Véliz Paredes Licenciado en Terapia Física y Rehabilitación, egresado de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos de Lima Perú, actualmente laboro en CRYMEF (Centro de Medicina Física y Reeducación Neuromuscular), centro privado especializado en tratamientos fisioterápicos en patologías de columna, lesiones deportivas, traumatológicas, pre y post quirúrgicas, reumatológicos y con aplicación de Terapia Manual (Concepto Cyriax, Kaltenborn, McKenzie, Janda, etc ...
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Sclerodermia. Physiotherapeutic treatment (clinical case)

AUTHOR: J. Moreno Sanjuán. Bachelor in Physiotherapy Physiotherapist of Avilés  “San Agustín” Hospital email:javivimosan@telecable.es RESUMEN Los casos de Esclerodermia que llegan a las manos del fisioterapeuta son muy escasos, ya que la gran mayoría son tratados mediante farmacos por el clínico. Al llegar a nuestras manos un paciente de Esclerodermia quisimos aprovechar la ocasión para demostrar que el tratamiento fisioterápico es efectivo para paliar los efectos de esta enfermedad; este consistio en : hidroter& ...
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Accelerated therapy of sportsman´s patella tendinopathy through the transtendinous percutaneous electrolysis (tpte). (sánchez jm,2001).

AUTHOR: José Manuel Sánchez PhDs FC Barcelona High Performance Senior Teacher Phone: 656935516 e-mail : chema632@hotmail.com These type of tendinopathies due to overuse are more common day after day in our ordinary clinical practise. Many researchers all over the world have identified that the specific pathology under these conditions is tendinosis or collagen degeneration (Jozsa L et al,1997;Khan,K et al ,1999,Puddu,G et al 1976). If we admit that patella tendinopathies due to overuse take place because of a tendinosis process (not tendinitis), we should modify the ...
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Theoretical models in the sportsman patella tendinopathy or jumper´s knee pain

AUTHOR: Jose Manuel Sánchez PhDs Senior Professor FC Barcelona High Performance Phone: 656935516 e-mail : chema632@hotmail.com Introduction “Concepts are not supported by definitions. Precisely, concepts cannot stand the inalterability of definitions. They are not theoretically fixed, and later they are forced to work in clinic. Concepts correspond to a articulation of theory, to the method and the technique. This means that it is no succession, but an articulation...” During the last years, the proportion of cases where patella tendinopathy appears has grown. ...
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Musculature involved in the Kabat diagonals of  legs

Author: Gonzalo García Vázquez University Graduate in Physiotherapy. Diagonal: EXTENSION + ADD + INNER ROT. Hip: MUSCULATURE MOVEMENT Psoas major Iliacus ADD´s Sartorius Pectineus Rectum femoris Flexion + ADD + rot. ext. Knee: MUSCULATURE MOVEMENT Quadriceps Extension Ankle / Foot: MUSCULATURE MOVEMENT Tibialis anterior Dorsal flexion + inversion Fingers: ...
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Scientific bases in accelerated physiotherapy in the reconstruction of LCA with plastia H-T-H. Section IV

AUTHOR: José Manuel Sánchez PhDs FC Barcelona High Performance Senior Teacher Phone: 656935516 e-mail : chema632@hotmail.com • TENSION FORCES IN BIPEDESTATION POSITION -Noyes : places tensions of LCA of 445 N for ordinary activities of every day life. Fig.3 -Lomi,1987 :demonstrates that rotating laxity riduces in a high percentage when muscles are contracted during walk, which is at 90º of flexion. He also demonstrates that the ischio contraction produces a strong reduction of laxity in a 76%. The contraction of quadriceps reduces laxity up to a 23%. ...
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Scientific bases in accelerated physiotherapy in the reconstruction of LCA with plastia H-T-H. Section III

AUTHOR: José Manuel Sánchez PhDs FC Barcelona High Performance Senior Teacher Phone: 656935516 e-mail : chema632@hotmail.com • MUSCLE REINFORCEMENT : Mechanisms of Muscle Atrophy: The muscle inmobilization produces a 30-47% atrophy. The installation is very quick and increases with time exponentially (Booth,1987). -Lindhoe,1984 : he demonstrates that there is a 14 to 17% fibre lost after 72 hours of immobilization in men. This amiotrophy comes together with a reduction of muscle force and fatigue, this is a selective reduction of type I fibres. ...
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Scientific bases in accelerated physiotherapy in the reconstruction of LCA with plastia H-T-H. Section II

AUTHOR: José Manuel Sánchez PhDs FC Barcelona High Performance Senior Teacher Phone: 656935516 e-mail : chema632@hotmail.com • REGARDING MOBILITY: Consequences of Immobilisation: 1 ) ON THE CARTILAGE: -Experimentally, joint immobilisation produces different modifications on the cartilage: 1) Cartilage softening (chondromalacia) 2) Joint space reduction. 3) Irregularities on the joint surface. -There will also exist a reduction in glicosaminoglicanes (up to a 48%, mostly on the articular surface) Kiviranta,1987. -Troyer,1975 : has demonstra ...
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Scientific bases in accelerated physiotherapy in the reconstruction of LCA with plastia H-T-H. Section I

AUTHOR: José Manuel Sánchez PhDs FC Barcelona High Performance Senior Teacher Phone: 656935516 e-mail : chema632@hotmail.com • INTRODUCTION We will study the scientific bases of functional re-education applied to LCA reconstruction with autological plasty. Surgeons always remind us that physiotherapy has an equivalent role to the surgical act, in the finnal functional result. An incorrectly driven physiotherapy is half-way responsible for the bad results achieved. There may be complications as the following: 1) Residual laxity 2) Cartilague des ...
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Parkinson s Disease

Author: Carlos de la Torre Domingo University Graduate in Physical Therapy. Professor of Physical Therapy. Alfonso El Sabio University. Madrid. Responsible of the Geriatric Residence "Bellas Vistas". Madrid. INDEX 1. Introduction. 2. Etiology. 3. Clinic -Akinesia. -Stiffness. -Tremor at rest. 4.Evaluation of the Parkinson Patient: -Valuation of the locomotor system. -Valuation of other systems. 5. Physical Medicine Therapy: -Cinesitherapic Activities. -Control of the Posture Trend in Flexion. -Exercises for Self-Autonomy. 6. Personal Considerations. 7. Bi ...
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Scientific bases in accelerated physiotherapy in the reconstruction of LCA with H-T-H. Section V

Author: Jose Manuel Sánchez PhD student in Sports Physiotherapy Clínica de Fisioterapia Deportiva de Alto Rendimiento Barcelona Barcelona High Efficiency Physiotherapy Sports Clinic (Spain) . • PROTOCOL OF ACCELERATED PHYSIOTHERAPY: Aim of physiotherapy: - Immediate support. - Early mobilisation, to recover the extension. - English walking stick until the 3rd week. - Start jogging at 2nd month - Start sport activity at 4th month. This schedule should be addapted according to the resistance and to the following control analysis. Import ...
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Physiotherapy and phybromialgy

Jesús Guodemar Pérez. Physiotherapy degree. Degree in human nutrition and dietetics. Professor in general physiotherapy practics. University Alfonso X "El Sabio". Membre of the Comité de Redacción del Ilustre Colegio de Fisioterapeutas of Madrid. Fibromyalgia is a chronical illness of an ideopathical origin, characterized by the sensation of pain in different body areas and a general feeling of tiredness. Nowadays in Spain between 400.000 and 1.200.000 persons suffer from phybromialgia, most of them women between 30 and 60 years old. It is ...
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Painfull pressure points in cases off phybromialgy

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist As we’ve already mentioned in our article on phybromialgy, the illness is diagnosed by the existence of 11 painful pressure points. In order to explore these points we exert a firm pressure with the thumb on the following points of both sides of the body. 1- OCCIPUT (insertion of occipital muscles) 2- LOWER CERVICAL (intervertebral space C6-C7) 3- GREATER MULTANGULAR (middle point of the superior side) 4- SUPRASPINOUS (suprascupular origen) 5- SECOND RIB (costochondral articulations) 6- LATERAL CAPITULUM (2 cm. distal o ...
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Physiotherapeutical intervention in cases of bechterew disease.

Jesús Guodemar Pérez. Licensed in Physiotherapy. Licensed in human nutrition and dietetics. Profesor of General physiotherapy practics at the University Alfonso X “El Sabio”. Member of the Comité de Redacción del Ilustre Colegio de Fisioterapeutas de Madrid. Description and clinical characteristics Bechterew disease is an inflammatory atropathy of an unknown origin. Also known as Strümpell-Marie disease or rheumatoide spondilytis it is considered to be an illness different from rheumatoide arthritis because of its major existence among ...
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Lateral stretching exercises

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Sitting on the floor with your legs crossed. Hands in your neck. Bend your chest to one side, trying to touch your knee with your elbow.   Sitting on the floor with your legs wide open. Hands in the neck. Bend your chest to one side trying to touch the floor with your elbow.   Sitting on the floor with your legs wide open. Put your hands behind your hips sitting the palms of the hands against the floor. Lift one arm and bend your body to the ot ...
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Stretching exercises for the back of the knee

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Sitting on the floor, with one leg bended and the other one completely straigthened. Bend your chest to grab the foot of the straigthened leg. Bend the foot to increase the tension.   Sitting on the floor with one leg completely stretched out. Bend the other one inside until the sole of the foot touches the thigh of the stretched out leg. Push your chest forwards without bending your back and grab the foot of the stretched out leg. (To increase the tension, pull the foot towards your che ...
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Stretching exercises for the dorsal area

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Kneeling down on the floor. Bend your chest towards the floor while stretching your arms in front of you. Put your hands against the floor. Let your hands slide forewards as much as possible.   Standing up with your feet put together before a wall that will be our support. Stretch your arms above your head. Bend your chest forewards, maintaining your legs and arms straightened and put your hands against the wall. Push your arms against the wall while bending your back.   ...
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Stretching exercises for the lumbar area

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Sitting on hands and knees. Contract the abdominal muscles and bend your back. Relax the abdominal muscles and straighten your back.   Lying on your back. Bend both legs and grab them behind your knee. Push your knees against your chest.   Of knees in the floor, with the buttocks in contact with the checks. To flex the trunk toward the floor and to extend both arms. To rotate the superior part of the trunk toward a side ...
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Ischiotibial stretching exercises

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Sitting on the floor. One leg completely stretched and the other bended. Bend your chest, stretching your hands towards the foot of the stretched out leg. (Maintaining your back straight)   Lying down on your back. One leg stretched and the other bended with the heel against the floor. Lift up the stretched out leg. Grab it at knee height and push it towards your face.   Lying on your back. One leg stretched and the other bended. Throw a towel around the foot of th ...
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Stretching exercises for the hips and the buttocks

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Lying on your back. Bend one leg and grab it a bit below the knee. Push the knee against your chest.   Standing up. Bend one knee and lower your body until the knee of the other leg touches the floor. Stretch the foot of the leg that touches the floor so the back of the foot touches the floor too. Push the knee of the stretched out leg towards the floor.   Lying on your back. Bend a leg and cross it over the other leg. Push the knee of the bended leg again ...
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Cervical stretching exercises

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Lying on your back, bend your legs and put your feet flat on the ground. Put your hands together behind your head. Lift your head up, trying to touch your chest with your chin. The back should remain in contact with the floor.   Standing up, put your hands together behind your head. Push your head forwards, trying to touch your chest with your chin.   Sitting in a chair, let your arm hang alongside your body ( do not lift the shoulder of this arm during the stretching exe ...
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Extensor stretching exercises of the wrist

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Standing up with your arms stretched out. Put the back of your hands against each other. Separate the back of your hands, maintaining only the wrists together.    Sitting on hands and knees, with your arms stretched out. Press the back of your hands against the floor, making the hands face the knees. Bend your body backwards.   Lift both arms above your head. Grab one hand at the back and push it down.   ...
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Flexor stretching exercises of the wrist

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Standing up, hold the palms of your hands against each other, the fingers upwards. Lower the hands as much as possible in the direction of the floor, maintaining the palms of the hands against each other.   Standing up, put the palms of your hands against each other, the fingers pointing at the floor. Lift your hands towards your face as much as possible, maintaining the palms of the hands together.   Standing on your feet, put the palms of your hands together, the fingers ...
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Shoulder stretching exercises

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist In lifting position. Spread your arms as much as possible. Push your chest towards the floor without touching it.   Lean back against a chair using both of your hands. Stretch your legs and let them slide forwards. Start with your arms completely stretched and lower your buttocks little by little towards the floor.   Standing up with your legs put together, lift up a stick using both arms. Lift your arms above your head, both at the same height and push them b ...
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Abdominal stretching exercises

Physiotherapist Lying on your belly with your body stretched. Press the palms of your hands against the floor and stretch your arms, arching your back. Contract the muscles of the buttocks while arching your back in order to protect the lumbar area. Kneeling down with the points of your feet backwards. Arch your back and grab your feet by the ankles. Push your loins forwards. Standing up with your legs open wide. Put your hands in the lumbar area. Let the hands slide downwards, arching your back and bending yo ...
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Recommendations for the patient - carpian tunnel syndrom

It is a syndrom in which the median nerve gets trapped; it is comprised between the ligaments of the carpi and the bony structure. It gives a tingling feeling or a feeling of numbness. In a later stage, the pathology feels like a sharp pain or a burning feeling which can spread to the shoulder. Besides taking physiotherapy sessions it is important to observe the following recommendations: 1.- It is very important to let the affected area rest. Later on, when the pain fades away, one must perform exercises to strengthen all the muscles of the arm. 2.- Take alternating baths at ...
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Functional bandages or taping

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist INTRODUCTION A functional bandage is a type of partial inmobilization, which is characterized by the fact that it allows for a certain level of functional mobility in comparison to a complete inmobilization. It is used for ligamentous, tendinous and muscular pathologies. A functional bandage has the advantage that it avoids the secondary effects of a total inmobilization. These secondary effects range from muscular atrophy to articular rigidity, as well as cutaneous injuries, Sudek’s syndrom and even an increase of the trombotic ri ...
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Taping applied in cases of sprained lateral ligaments of the ankle

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Introduction A sprained ankle is a common injury among sportsmen. If it is not treated correctly it can generate chronic instability or a chronical sprain. The most frequently hurt ligament is the Lateral external ligament (LEL) in its anterior fibular astragalus fasciculus. The ligamentous injury is often accompanied by ankle fractures that go by unnoticed if there is no movement. The lateral external ligament of the foot gets sprained because of a traumatisme  of the ankle’s articulation. When the articulation is f ...
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Introduction to stretching exercises

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist INTRODUCTION Nowadays stretching exercises play an important role in sports training, during warming up as well as during recovery. Stretching exercises have a beneficious effect on the sportsman’s organism, helping him to prevent injuries, improving his efficiency and yielding, helping him recover faster from an intensive training and improving the rehabilitation in those sportsmen who have already suffered injuries. On the level of the articulations, stretching exercises stimulate the prodution of synovial liquids. This liq ...
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Back school

AUTHOR: Marian Valero. Physiotherapist A flexibility training program is a planned, balanced and regular exercise program that increaes in a permanent and progressive way the amplitude of an articulation or a whole of articulations during a certain period of time.  This course wants to provide the patient with some concepts regarding stretching and relaxation techniques. It will go by body parts, meaning different parts of the body will be treated in each session in the following order:: - 6 stretching sessions - 6 relaxation sessions - 2 position rehabilitation sess ...
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Posture hygiene

AUTHOR: Eduardo Martín Morales. Phd in Physiotherapy at the University of Granada. Eddevil@hotmail.com. Back aches Nowadays more than 80% of the population suffers or has suffered from some sort of back aches. This pain which can become very disturbing in the performance of daily activities has different origins, but in most of the cases, its origin is known and avoidable. · A muscular or ligamentous disorder · A bad posture adopted repeatedly or during a certain period of time · A disorder in the biomechanics of or locomotor ...
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Physiotherapeutical treatment for the disinsertion of the epicondyle muscle

Authors: F.T. Kharina Ucar Noguera F.T. Lourdes M. Lira Diaz Supervisors: F.T. Brenda Tábata F.T. Jesús Guiñan Caracas, October 2001 INTRODUCTION The hand is a polymorph, polyvalent and sensitive organ which since the beginning of mankind allowed the human being to elegantly transform into reality what its mind had conceived: a large number of things that range from the simplest and most ordinary to the incredibly complex and precise. It is important to recognize that the hand does not function independently. It is the end and the reason of be ...
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Neuromuscular systems of the superior member

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Ephysiotherapy Webmaster ULNAR NERVE GLOBAL FUNCTIONING: Firm grip on the object. Making a fist. MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION FUNCTION DORDAL INTEROSSEOUS (there are 4, two for the 3rd finger, one for the2nd and another for the 4th)) In the two metacarpals of the corresponding interosseous space. In the 2nd finger there is one external, in the 3rd finger one external and another internal and in the 4rth finger one internal. Proximal phalanx of the corresponding finger. ...
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Neuromuscular systems of the lower member

AUTHOR: Abel Renovell Blasco. Physiotherapist Ephysiotherapy Webmaster INTERNAL PLANTAR NERVE GLOBAL FUNCTION: - Statics: Maintain the external arch. - Dynamics: Movement of the 1rst finger and impulsor effect. MUSCLE ORIGIN INSERTION FUNCTION SHORT FLEXOR OF THE 1RST FINGER 1rst wedge 1ª phalanx of the 1º finger. Flexor of the 1º finger. SEPARATOR OF THE 1º FINGER Internal condyle of the calcaneous 1ª phalanx of the 1º finger Separates the 1º ...
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Specialties and professional development in physiotherapy

Jorge Rodrigo Rodríguez Professor of the E.U. of Physiotherapy of Toledo (U.C.L.M.). This report looks for to show that the fields of performance of the Physiotherapy are much wider that the classics of breathing cardio, apparatus locomotive and nervous system; really, the physiotherapy is defined exclusively for the type of agents therapeutic employees that you are always of physical order, and not for the organic territory on the one that acts that understands the entirety of the human organism and the dysfunctions that can take place in him. That doubts it fits that to get ...
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Physiotherapy and haemophilia

Jesús Guodemar Pérez. Licensed physiotherapist. Human nutrition and dietetics graduate. Professor in General Physiotherapy practices. University Alfonso X "El Sabio". Member of the Writing Commitee of the  Ilustre Colegio de Fisioterapeutas of Madrid. Many health professionals are still unfamiliar with the important role of physiotherapy in the treatment of haemophilia. The musculoskeletal problems that cause the repetitive haemorrhages can be relieved within our action field. A correct rehabilitating treatment can restore the patient’s independence and f ...
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Recommendations for the patient - ankle

The feet are a complex action mechanism that allows us to move around easily until they are affected by an injury. That is when we become aware of their importance and when we start taking care of them the way they deserve to be taken care of. Apart from the physiotherapy sessions it is important to observe the following recommendations: 1.- Rest, allow yourself a break. 2.- When the pain reduces, perform the excersices we’ve explained before 3.- Rest your foot on a little and hard ball, move your foot thusly applying an auto-massage of the reflexive kind which will h ...
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Aesthetics physiotherapy Presentation

The fight against cutaneous ageing and disorders of corporal beauty are a constant in the society of image in which we live. When there are biological tools necessary to activate our own metabolism, the professional of beauty therapy realises the great influence that she can exercise in the person that deposits his or her confidence in her. Already at the end of the first session it can be felt how something has really been produced, an internal modification that is sometimes impossible to describe. But the effect of internal regeneration has been initiated.The ageing begins in the moment in w ...
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Aesthetics physiotherapy Classification of the therapy

With modern appliances of AUTOMATIC VITALTERM, a new generation of treatments of facial and corporal beauty therapy is established. Two perspectives of identification of the aesthetic alterations treated by the appliance have been established. These classifications obey two different criteria: according to the type of treatment to apply and according to the results. According to the type of treatment The application of these appliances in cabin allow you to perform three ...
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Aesthetics physiotherapy Physiological effect

¿Cómo puede el Sistema AUTOMATIC VITALTERM  realizar esta multiplicidad de tratamientos? How can the AUTOMATIC VITALTERM perform this variety of treatments? The reply is simple: due to its powerful biological effect. We are going to see how it is produced: PHASES 1, 2, 3 AND 4. PROCEDURE FOR WHICH THE CURRENT PENETRATES THE TISSUES AND GENERATES THE BIOLOGICAL EFFECT The apparatus of AUTOMATIC VITALTERM generates a capacitive current ...
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Aesthetics physiotherapy Nature of the treatments

The AUTOMATIC VITALTERM allows you to perform a very wide range of treatments and with a very high level of quality. This is possible for two reasons: • In the first place, for its impressive capacity of penetration of any type of cosmetological product (firming, anticellulitic, anti stretch marks, etc.). • In second place, for the great adaptability of the plates and accessories that the machine has and its treatment versatility. ...
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Aesthetics physiotherapy Penetration of different types of substances

The AUTOMATIC VITALTERM has a power of penetration of very important substances. The active principles can be transported in different types of substances that allow them to be introduced topically through the skin and improved internally by the effect of increase of temperature and vasodilation that the appliance generates. It is not surprising therefore, that the results obtained through the penetration of the active principle associated to the AUTOMATIC VITALTERM are much greater ...
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Aesthetics physiotherapy What happens when the product is of bad quality

Sometimes, the cosmetological or therapeutical products are not introduced correctly. This basically happens in three situations: 1. Excessively greasy or oily or for their composition (products of massage formulated with the objective of maintaining a layer that allows you to move the hands during the massage). These products are not orientated from their origin to their application together with the apparatology. 2. Products with an incorrect or inadequate formulation (tho ...
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Aesthetics physiotherapy Comparison between active and round plate

What difference is there therapeutically between the active and round plate? The images below visually summarize these differences. While the round plate has a small surface (approximately 36 cm2), the active plate has a surface 8 times greater ( 300 cm2 ). This causes the passage of the current and energy that is produced in the tissues to be much more constant and wide in the treatments that are performed with the round plate. The ratio or equivalence o ...
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Aesthetics physiotherapy The safety handle

The high quality of the appliances of AUTOMATIC VITALTERM guarantees a preferential treatment to the safety of the client and, therefore, to the safety of the therapist. For this reason, the appliance incorporates an innovative safety system that allows the operator to give a part of the control of the machine to the client. This granting of authority is unlimited, since the client only has capacity of acting in front of the fact of sending the signal of functioning or of stoppage, but ...
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Aesthetics physiotherapy Contraindications of use

The application of the AUTOMATIC VITALTERM as a treatment technique enjoys a series of advantages with respect to other known techniques. It is an innocuous technique that doesn’t generate secondary effects because of an excessive application, on the contrary to what happens with other techniques. However, it is very important to know all the details of its use to identify what the contraindications of its application are in beauty treatments. Knowing the physiological effects ...
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Aesthetics physiotherapy Hygiene in the accessories

The accessories with which you work the appliance are thought of to ease the work of cleaning and disinfection. The active plates have some plastic covers of blue colour that adjust perfectly to the size and surface of the plates. These covers are slid onto the active plate and cover both the active part of treatment and the part that doesn’t remain in contact with the skin. This area of the plate is recognized visually through an orifice that is practiced to the cover to identif ...
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Aesthetics physiotherapy Multiplicity of treatment

Complete treatment: firming of abdomen and cellulitis Treatment of firming of the abdomen Treatment of firming of abdomen and anti-cellulitic treatment in the left leg Firming treatment of abdomen and anticellulitic treatment in the left leg + anticellulitic treatment in the right leg AUTOMATIC VITALTERM offers the possibility of more co ...
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Facial treatments Problems of dryness in the skin (treatment of nutrition and hydration)

Hydration treatment for young skins Hydration is an essential patrimony of the skin that it is necessary to conserve, care and enrich continually so that it is maintained young, soft and flexible for more time. It is, undoubtedly, the artifice of cutaneous vitality and beauty. Hydration is an essential factor in the maintenance of youth and vitality of the skin in any period and age. For this reason, it must be known in depth the functioning of the mechanisms of hydration of the skin to ...
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Facial treatments Eye bags

Treatment of eye bags Treatment of swollen eyelids Lymphatic drainage treatment Facial disintoxication treatment Eye bags are characterized by an edema of swelling in the lower eyelid. They can be caused by the accumulation of liquids, by a presence of localized fat or by genetic origin. The treatment of eye bags is a complex treatment. In the first place, the bags of watery origen are due to a modification of the parameters of ...
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Facial treatments Eye rings (for tiredness or of genetic origin)

Treatment of eye rings The eye rings are the hyperpigmentation of the delicate cutaneous tissue that it limits with the eye. It is believed that the eyes bags are due to an accumulation of sanguinary pigments in the ocular zone for a deficient circulation. Diverse factors can modify the tonicity of the blood and lymphatic canals, that are contracted in a reflexed form according to the sensitivity of each person, producing this hyperpigmentation. This tissue, extremely fine, can be hyper ...
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Facial treatments Dehydrated or chapped lips

Rehydration and volumization treatment of lips The lips are the great forgotten area of cosmetic treatment in cabin. Due to the fact that it concerns an extremely fine and sensitive skin, the lips don’t usually benefit from the applications of the currents in the beauty professional. The inclemencies of the weather in winter (snow, wind and cold) or the dryness of the temperature in the summer (sun, beach, salt) especially attack the fine tissue of the lips, that cra ...
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Facial ageing

Cutaneous rejuvenation treatment The ageing of the tissues is an unstoppable process of our Biology. It is produced in a progressive way from 25 years of age and is prolonged until our death. Physical ageing is the manifestation of a physiological process of slowing down of cellular regeneration of the cutaneous, bone, nervous, muscular cartilaginous tissues...... It is probably one of the most complex treatments to which the beauty professional is confronted. The modifica ...
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Facial treatments Crow’s feet

Orbicular treatment The little wrinkles known as “crows feet ” are those that are produced in the contour of the eyes. They are characterized by being fine and deep, since the orbicular tisssue is extremely sensitive. The ocular zone is the most fragile and sensitive of the face, since its skin is weak and fine (between 0.33 and 0.36 mm, or rather, four times less than that of the chin), and its scarce natural protection means that it is dehydrated more than the rest of the ...
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Facial treatments Marked rictus nasogeniano

Treatment of rictus nasogeniano In the treatment of the rictus nasogeniano it is appreciated as the line of expression that joins the nose with the lips is visibly disimulated. This line supports the weight of facial expressivity, but also of the musculature of the cheeks that falls over it when the first symptoms of ageing are initiated. The problem of the rictus nasogeniano is more evident in some people than in others. The characteristics of the facial features and the ...
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Facial treatments Lines of expression and wrinkles

Treatment of lines of expression and wrinkles The AUTOMATIC VITALTERM is an important ally in the treatment of the lines of expression and wrinkles. In the face lines, folds, grooves or wrinkles throughout time due amongst other causes to the loss of muscular tone. These facial lines can be of three types: static or ortostatic lines (those that are marked from birth and that correspond to natural folds of flexion and extension --elbow, wrist, neck, etc--.), the dynamic lines or ...
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Facial treatments Neck wrinkles

Treatment of wrinkles of the neck The wrinkles in the neck can have different causes: Family predisposition, inadequate postures, lack of care, bad eating, tobacco, bad oxygenation...You can find wrinkles as the result of a process of physiological ageing (general and for age) or for premature ageing. The flabby neck is one of the first signs of cutaneous ageing, for which before the alarm sign you will have to begin the preventive treatment. The AUTOMATIC VITALTERM is one of the characte ...
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Facial treatments Atony and lack of facial oxygenation

Treatment of cutaneous revitalization This treatment is especially indicated for those people whose rhythm of life interferes in the physical aspect of their skin: people that smoke excessively, that do not follow a stable cycle of sleep, that do not ingest a a balanced diet and to those that are subjected to emotional pressures (stress). The modifications that are generated in the face due to our vital tension and of an excessive production of toxins are manifested in the ...
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Facial treatments Cutaneous sensitivity

Treatment of cutaneous hypersensitivity Some skins redden and alter with any external physical stimulus, mechanical or chemical as can be friction, heat, cold, cosmetological products, etc. This hypersensitivity can be corrected or, at least, reduced by means of an improvement of vital nutritional processes: Oxygenation, the bringing of basic nutrients and the elimination of metabolic residues produced by cellular respiration. Cutaneous sensitivity can be a characteristic of the skin in i ...
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Facial treatments Flabiness and facial sagging in different areas of the face

Treatment of Non Surgical Face Lifting NSFL (Non surgical face lifting) Facial flabiness is one of the manifestations most feared by the passage of time. It is also one of the most evident. The sagging of the tissues of the face is produced when the connective tissue (the structure in charge of maintaining the union between the musculature and the skin) is progressively weakened. The skin in turn stops producing so much elastine and collagen as before and begins to lose ...
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Facial treatments Problems of a lack of facial lymphatic drainage

General treatment of facial disintoxication Treatment against the retention of facial liquids Facial lymphatic drainage treatment (DLF) The treatment of the products derived from a deficient lymphatic function is one of the best secrets to get notable results in any aesthetic treatment. In the moment in which the organism is liberated from its toxins, the process improves the tone of the skin and of decongestion. A poisoned organism doesn’t react in the same ...
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Body treatments Flabiness in the arms

Treatment of firming of the forearm The AUTOMATIC VITALTERM has an interesting result in all the firming treatments. The loss of muscular tone causes in many women a sagging of the musculature of the forearm, that is usually associated synergically with the abandoning of youth. Flabiness is an alteration of the tissues of the skin characterized by the loss of tone and elasticity. It is usually the result of cutaneous ageing, although you can also observe after pregnancy in the zone of t ...
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Body treatments Flabiness in the breasts

Firming treatment and remodelling of breasts The AUTOMATIC VITALTERM is indicated for treatments of firming and modelling of breasts. Flabiness is an alteration of the tissues of the skin characterized by the loss of tone and elasticity. It is usually the result of cutaneous ageing, although it can also be observed after pregnancies or generalized after very debilitating illnesses. The breasts are of vital importance in woman not only because they fulfill an elemental biolog ...
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Body treatments Flabiness in the buttocks

Firming and remodelling treatment of the buttocks The buttocks are one of the most sensual parts of the feminine anatomy. For this it is wished to have a well-developped musculature and a rounded and firm shape. Flabiness is an alteration of the tissues of the skin characterized by the loss of tone and elasticity. It is usually the consequence of cutaneous ageing, altghough it can also be observed after pregnancies or generalized after very weakening illnesses. The lack of physical exer ...
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Body treatments Flabiness in the abductors

Firming treatment of the abductors The abductors are the muscles that are localized in the internal face of the leg, in the inner zone of the thigh. It concerns a muscle that especially worries women with the passage of time, because it is difficult to tone and it witnesses the process of ageing. Flabiness is an alteration of the tissues of the skin characterized by the loss of tone and elasticity. It is usually the consequence of cutaneous ageing, although it can also be observed after p ...
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Body treatments Flabiness in the abdomen

Firming treatment of the abdomen The flabiness in the abdomen denotes an alteration of the tissues of the skin characterized by the loss of tone and elasticity of the musculature and abdominal cutaneous tissues. It is usually the result of cutaneous ageing, it can also be observed after pregnancies in this zone, as well as in the breasts, generalized after very weakening illnesses, or due to the lack of physical exercise. The firming treatments of the abdomen are applied separately or ...
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Body treatments Presence of adiposity in the culotte de cheval (cellulitis)

Anticellulitic treatment of reduction in the culotte de cheval (saddle bags) The treatment of the adiposities is one of the most usual requests in any beauty centre. If you want to give it a solution, you must first identify the nature of adipose tissue. If it corresponds to an excess of generalized fat, we will probably find ourselves in front of a case of obesity that will have to be corrected through a hypocalorific diet. If it corresponds to an excess of localized fat, we will prob ...
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Body treatments Presence of adiposity in the buttocks

Anticellulitic reduction treatment in the buttocks In order to know the etiology of the cellulitis, See anticellulitic reduction treatment in the culotte de cheval (saddle bags) The treatment of reduction of adiposity in the buttocks must be focussed from a multidisciplinary prism in order to obtain the best results possible. The treatment with AUTOMATIC VITALTERM will correct the circulatory disorders existing in the tissue of the buttock and will improve the lipolitic principles to the m ...
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Body treatments Presence of adiposity in the abdomen

Treatment of reduction of the abdomen In order to know better the etiology of the cellulitis, see Anticellulitic reduction treatment in the culotte de cheval (saddle bags) The treatment of cellulitis in the abdomen allows you to reduce centimetres from the outline of the abdominal of the oblicuous. It concerns a treatment indicated both for the feminine and masculine public. Within the masculine collective, it is especially recommendable for sports people that want to prepa ...
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Body treatments Presence of adiposity in the waist line

Treatment of reduction and definition of the waist In order to know better the etiology of the cellulitis, see Anticellulitic reduction treatment in the culotte de cheval (saddle bags) The treatment of definition of the waist line is indicated for those women that want to mark more intensely this sensual part of the feminine anatomy, according to bringing harmony to the figure of the breast and the hips. This treatment can be performed also together with the aesthetic docto ...
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Body treatments Presence of adiposity in the hip

In order to know the etiology of the cellulitis, see Anticellulitic Treatment of reduction in the culotte de cheval (cartucheras) The reduction treatment of adipose tissue in the hip allows you to improve the blood circulation, dissolve the little accumulates of fat and reduce localized volume of this part of the feminine anatomy. This treatment can be performed together with the aesthetic doctor, who will infiltrate lipolitic agent that acts more intensely over the localized adiposity. T ...
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Body treatments Retention of generalized liquids (lymphatic drainage)

Treatment of disintoxication and lymphatic drainage The treatment of problems derived from a deficient lymphatic function is one of the best secrets to obtain notable results in any aesthetic treatment. In the moment in which the organism is liberated from its toxins, It begins the process of ponderal reduction, of reduction of volume and of improvement of the skin tone. An intoxicated organism doesn’t react in the same way to the stimulus of any current as that organism t ...
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Body treatments Retention of localized liquids

Treatment of edema Treatment of lymphoedema or lymphostatic edema Treatment of superficial veinous extasy Treatment of lymphatic drainage as consequence of the extirpation of the lymphatic ganglia in specific parts of the body (arms...) The AUTOMATIC VITALTERM favours the resolution of the alterations of vascularization and of the microcirculation at corporal level. Problems like the stasis venosas superficial or the edemas are frequently motive of the aesthetic consultatio ...
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Body treatments Presence of bad return circulation

Treatment of improvement of the veinous return circulation The circulatory and lymphatic of the AUTOMATIC VITALTERM over the tissues convert it into a therapy recommended in those people who suffer from bad return circulation or that often present the syndrome of "tired legs". The alterations of the vascularization and of the microcirculation that are produced at corporal level are frequently reason for aesthetic consultation, although they are generally altera ...
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Body treatments Recommendations for the combination of treatments

Treatment of improvement of the musculature Treatment of reduction of volume and weight Treatment of edematose cellulitis Treatment of lymphatic drainage Treatment of preparation to surgery Treatment of post-surgical recovery 1. IMPROVEMENT OF THE MUSCULATURE: AUTOMATIC VITALTERM (format of plates) + Passive Exercise 2. REDUCTION OF VOLUME AND OF WEIGHT AUTOMATIC VITALTERM (localized plates) + Passive Exercise + AUTOMATIC ...
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